What are the wisdom teeth?
A wisdom tooth is the third molar and erupts between the ages of 17 and 26 years. Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars on the left and right side of the mandible and maxilla.
When should I have my wisdom tooth removed?
The wisdom teeth cannot erupt in some individuals because there is no enough room on the jaw. They may completely remain underneath the gingiva and jawbone, or may only be found semi-impacted underneath the gum. In this case, the food may get into and deposit in the eruption site of a wisdom tooth, resulting in infection. This manifestation is called pericoronitis that causes swelling and redness of the gum surrounding the wisdom tooth, sever pain radiating towards the neck and ears, swelling of lymph nodes, and pain when opening mouth and swallowing something. In this case, the wisdom teeth must be removed.
It is more difficult to brush wisdom teeth than to brush other teeth because they are not easily accessible. They may easily decay and result in pain and oral malodor because of insufficient brushing. Furthermore, they may impact the adjacent tooth and cause that tooth to decay. The wisdom teeth must be extracted in this case.
In some cases, the wisdom tooth may compress on the teeth anterior to them, resulting in crooked teeth. The wisdom tooth that is identified to cause crookedness must be removed.
A wisdom tooth that is fully impacted and has gone unnoticed for long years may lead to formation of a large-size cyst in the jaw and result in serious problems. Therefore, fully impacted wisdom teeth must be monitored even if they do not cause any problems.
Should every wisdom tooth be removed?
A fully erupted problem-free wisdom tooth not need to be extracted. However, such wisdom teeth needs special care, i.e., a good hygiene and cleaning, and should be under regular control of a dentist. Again, a fully impacted wisdom tooth that causes no problem may remain in the mouth under regular radiologic control.
Is it difficult and painful to extract a wisdom tooth?
Extraction of a fully erupted wisdom tooth is not different from extraction of other teeth. Extraction of semi-impacted and fully impacted wisdom teeth can be easily performed by minor surgical procedure under local anesthesia without pain. Our patients can quickly return to their daily life following atraumatic and quick operations performed by a team of specialists using state-of-the-art technology devices such as laser and Piezo Surgery available at our clinic.
What to do after extraction of a wisdom tooth
You should avoid spitting, brushing teeth, rinsing your mouth strongly, using straws, or gargling on the first day of extraction. Avoid taking a hot shower. Application of ice cubes will reduce the swelling and bruise within the first twenty-four hours. You should eat warm, non-granular and soft food for the first two days. Use antiseptic mouthwash recommended by your dentist every time you eat something and brush your teeth. The analgesics, and antibiotics -if prescribed- must be taken regularly on time. Do not smoke within the first 48 hours because it will impair the healing process. Visit your dentist to remove the sutures in one week.
Will I have swelling on my face after removal of wisdom tooth?
The swelling caused by edema developed after operation varies from person to person. Application of ice cubes will reduce the edema within the first twenty four hours. It is very important to regularly use the drugs prescribed by your dentist.