PERIODONTOLOGY/ PERIODONTOL DISEASES

PERİODONTOLOJİ GİRİŞ

Periodontology analyses andtreats diseases of the soft tissues that surround and anchor the teeth(periodontal ligament& gum), and the hard tissues (bone and cement). The periodontal ligament, commonly abbreviated as PDL, is a group of specialized connective tissue fibres that essentially attach the tooth to the alveolar bone. This ligament surrounds and feeds the teeth, covers the jawbone, and securely anchors the teeth in the jaw. Care of the PDL is as important as care of the teeth.

WHAT IS PERIODONTAL DISEASE?

How to recognize healthy gums

• The gumsare pink and have a firm consistency.

• No gingival bleeding during brushing your teeth.

• A distance between the tooth and gum is around 1-1.5 mm.

What is periodontal disease?

Causes of Periodontal Diseases

Poor Oral Hygiene: Not brushing teeth properly or irregularly will threaten oral hygiene, such asthe formation of bacterial plaque and inflammatory diseases. Ignoring gingival recession bleeding when brushing teeth may make the condition worse. Untreated decayed teeth may also lead to gingival bleeding and periodontal diseases.

Genetic: Genetic characteristics have been identified in substantial part of periodontal diseases. If an elder family member has gingival disease, warn your dentist at an early stage.

What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?

What are the symptoms of Periodontal Disease?

  • Bleeding of the gums while brushing teeth,diş3

  • Red, swollen and sensitive gums,

  • Gums that seperate easily from the teeth,

  • Inflammatory between the teeth and gums,

  • Loose teeth or gaps that develop or become wider between teeth (gaps developing between teeth or increase in existed gaps),diş2

  • Change in the position of the upper and lower teeth when biting ,

  • Change in or disruption of consistency of partial denture

  • Persistent bad breath.

Treatment of Periodontal Diseases

  • The treatment process for periodontal diseases should proceed as diagnosis, treatment and periodic controls.diş 1
  • Being aware of oral and dental health and training on oral hygiene are very important. .
  • Scaling and removal of food plaques
  • The dental pockets are cleaned in depth if your dentist deems necessary (this procedure is called curettage)

What is Gummy Smile?

gummy smile

A ‘Gummy Smile’ is a condition of a person’s teeth that appear abnormally small when smiling. If you have a gummy smile, treatment is determined according to theappearance of the gums and periodontal condition of the teeth (gingival health and bone support). The treatment options include lifting and modifying the gums to the extent permitted by tissues and/or surgical lip repositioning. Both of the procedures are minor surgical interventions, performed under local anaesthesia and are of about 30-40 minutes in duration. Botox has also been commonly used for treatment of the ‘Gummy Smile’condition in recent years.

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