The temporomandibular joint disorder, a significant problem of today, is defined as a clinical problem including disorder of masticatory muscles, temporomandibular joint and associated structures, or both.
It also affects the functions such as eating, speaking, breathing, and swallowing, therefore it may lead to serious problems. Therefore, it is important to treat temporomandibular joint disorders.
The disease usually starts between the ages of 18 and 26 years, but admittance to a dental professional ranges 20 years to 50 years of age. The incidence is 4-6 times higher in women than in men. The incidence is increased with age. The disease is associated with the race, genetic, geographic and socio-economic status. Around 1/5 of patients require treatment, and 1/10 of patients undergone several treatments require a surgical treatment.
In the clinical examination, the cusp of molars may seem abraded, the front teeth may have fractured and abraded parts, and front surface of teeth may have fractures and cracks.
The teeth may lose vitality due to heavy forces. Thus, teeth may become hypersensitive.
It may result in destruction of bone that surrounds the teeth and firmly holds them in the jaws as well as dental recession.
It may cause increase of masticatory muscles in volume and associated facial asymmetry.
What to do for treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders
Initial treatment of teeth grinding
Eat soft food and avoid eating hard nuts such as hazelnuts and peanuts
Eat food in small bites and avoid chewing unilaterally
Avoid parafunctional activities (e.g., chewing gums, biting the end of a pencil, sucking fingers, and teeth grinding),
Support your chin when yawning and smiling (laughing),
Try to breathe through nose or take deep breaths instead of breathing through mouth or superficial breathing.
Avoid lying face down.
Try to keep your shoulders and head straight, avoid posture bending down, and do regular exercises to prevent these.
Always remember the rest position where lips are closed and the tongue is on the roof of the mouth.